Are Mushrooms Legal In Colorado?

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Colorado is known for its progressive laws when it comes to certain substances, but where do mushrooms fall on the legality spectrum? The answer may surprise you. Join us as we delve into the fascinating world of mushroom legality in Colorado and what it means for enthusiasts and curious minds alike.

Introduction to the topic of mushrooms in Colorado

Mushrooms have been a popular ingredient in traditional cuisines for centuries and are well-known for their unique flavor and nutritional benefits. However, in recent years, they have also gained attention for their potential therapeutic uses, particularly in the field of mental health.

In Colorado, where recreational marijuana has been legal since 2012, there has been growing interest and discussion about the legalization of mushrooms containing psilocybin – a naturally occurring compound with psychoactive properties.

Psilocybin-containing mushrooms, also known as “magic mushrooms”, have shown promising results in treating conditions such as depression, anxiety, PTSD, and addiction. This has sparked a debate on whether these mushrooms should be legalized for medicinal use in Colorado.

The History of Mushroom Legalization in Colorado

In November 2019, Denver became the first city in the United States to decriminalize psilocybin-containing mushrooms. This means that possession or use of these mushrooms by adults over 21 years old is now considered the lowest law enforcement priority. The initiative passed with a close vote of 50.6%, making Denver one of the few cities in the country to take this step towards psychedelics reform.

Following Denver’s footsteps, other cities such as Oakland and Santa Cruz have also moved towards decriminalizing magic mushrooms. However, unlike these cities where personal possession is no longer punishable by law enforcement, statewide legalization efforts aim to make access to psilocybin therapy more widely available through licensed facilities.

Current Laws Regarding Mushrooms in Colorado

Despite the ongoing debates surrounding its legality at various levels across the state and country, it is important to note that currently all forms of psilocybin are still illegal under both federal and state law.

Under federal law (controlled substances act), any substance containing psilocybin is classified as a Schedule I drug – meaning it has no accepted medical value and carries a high potential for abuse. This puts magic mushrooms in the same category as heroin and LSD.

In Colorado, possession or use of psilocybin-containing mushrooms is a felony punishable by imprisonment and fines. However, with the recent decriminalization efforts, it is now considered to be the lowest law enforcement priority in some cities within the state.


The discussion around legalizing mushrooms in Colorado is ongoing, with significant progress being made towards decriminalization and acceptance of these potent fungi. While there are still legal obstacles to overcome at both the state and federal levels, Denver’s groundbreaking initiative has sparked hope for further research and potential therapeutic uses in the future. In the following sections, we will dive deeper into the current laws surrounding magic mushrooms in Colorado and explore their potential benefits and risks.

Mushrooms have been used for their medicinal and culinary purposes for centuries. However, not all mushrooms are created equal, especially when it comes to their legal status in different states. In this section, we’ll be discussing the various types of mushrooms found in Colorado and their legal status in the state.

  1. Psilocybin Mushrooms:
    Psilocybin mushrooms, commonly known as magic mushrooms or shrooms, are a type of psychoactive fungi that contain the compound psilocybin. These psychedelic mushrooms have been used for spiritual ceremonies and recreational purposes for thousands of years. In 2019, Denver became the first city in the United States to decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms, making possession and use of these mushrooms one of the lowest law enforcement priorities.
  2. Amanita Muscaria:
    Amanita muscaria is a mushroom species that contains psychoactive compounds like muscimol and ibotenic acid which can produce hallucinogenic effects if ingested. This mushroom species is legal to possess and consume in Colorado as it does not contain psilocybin or any other controlled substances.
  3. Morel Mushrooms:
    Morel mushrooms are highly sought after by gourmet cooks due to their rich and earthy flavor profile. These edible fungi are legal to harvest and sell in Colorado as long as they are collected from public lands with proper permits.
  4. Chanterelle Mushrooms:
    Chanterelle mushrooms are another popular edible mushroom variety known for their delicate nutty flavor. They can be found growing naturally across parts of Colorado, making them legal to collect for personal consumption without any permits required.
  5. Peyote Cactus:
    Peyote cactus is native to Mexico but has also been found growing naturally in southern areas of Colorado such as Pueblo County. The cactus contains mescaline, a potent hallucinogen classified as a Schedule I controlled substance under federal law. While not specifically listed under Colorado’s controlled substances law, possession and use of peyote cactus for religious or ceremonial purposes are protected under the Native American Religious Freedom Act.

While certain types of mushrooms such as psilocybin and peyote are legal in Colorado under specific circumstances, it is important to note that the possession and distribution of any psychoactive substances without a valid medical or scientific purpose may still result in criminal charges. It is always recommended to research and understand the laws and regulations surrounding mushrooms before consuming or possessing them in Colorado.

Overview of laws and regulations regarding psychedelic mushrooms in Colorado

Psychedelic mushrooms, also known as magic mushrooms, have been illegal at the federal level in the United States since 1970 when they were classified as a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act. However, several states have taken steps to decriminalize or legalize the use of these substances. One state that has made significant changes in recent years is Colorado.

In 2019, Denver became the first city in the United States to decriminalize psilocybin, the active ingredient in psychedelic mushrooms. This means that possessing, using, or cultivating small amounts of psilocybin for personal use is no longer considered a criminal offense within city limits. This decision was a result of a grassroots campaign led by Decriminalize Denver, which gathered enough signatures to put the issue on the ballot.

Following Denver’s lead, other cities in Colorado such as Boulder and Oakland have also voted to decriminalize psilocybin. However, it is important to note that these are local measures and do not change state or federal law.

In addition to decriminalization efforts, there is also ongoing research on the medical benefits of psychedelics like psilocybin. The Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) has been conducting clinical trials using MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). More recently, researchers at Johns Hopkins University received approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to study whether low doses of psilocybin can help with treatment-resistant depression.

Despite some progress towards decriminalization and potential medical uses of psychedelics in Colorado, it is still considered illegal at both state and federal levels to possess or distribute these substances without proper licensing or approval from regulatory bodies.

It is worth noting that even with local measures allowing for possession and cultivation of small amounts of psychedelic mushrooms, there are still limitations and potential consequences. For example, those who cultivate or possess psilocybin for personal use may face fines, community service, and/or mandatory drug treatment. Additionally, driving under the influence of any substance is illegal and can result in serious legal consequences.

While there have been some changes in Colorado regarding psychedelic mushrooms, it is important to understand the current laws and regulations surrounding their use. Possessing or using these substances without proper licensing or medical approval can still result in criminal charges at both state and federal levels. Therefore, individuals should educate themselves on the specific laws in their area before considering using psychedelic mushrooms.

In May 2019, Denver, Colorado made history by becoming the first city in the United States to decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms. This decision sparked a lot of conversation and debate within the state and across the country.

The movement for decriminalization was led by a grassroots organization called Decriminalize Denver, which collected over 8,000 signatures to put the measure on the ballot. The initiative passed with a narrow margin of just over 50%, indicating that this is still a highly contentious issue even within the city itself.

So what does decriminalization mean exactly? It does not mean that psilocybin mushrooms are now legal in Denver. Instead, it means that enforcement of laws related to possession or use of these mushrooms will be made a low priority for law enforcement officials. It also prevents any city funds from being used to prosecute individuals for possessing or using psilocybin mushrooms.

One of the main arguments for decriminalization is that it allows for more research into the potential therapeutic benefits of psilocybin mushrooms. While they have been deemed illegal and categorized as Schedule I substances (meaning they have no accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse) at the federal level since 1970, there has been growing evidence suggesting its potential in treating various mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, PTSD, and addiction.

Critics argue that this move could lead to an increase in access and usage among younger populations, potentially leading to harmful effects. However, proponents argue that with proper regulation and education campaigns about responsible use, these risks can be minimized.

Another aspect of this movement is its tie-in with criminal justice reform efforts. Research has shown that people of color are disproportionately targeted and arrested for drug offenses compared to white individuals despite similar rates of drug use across races. Decriminalizing psilocybin mushrooms can help decrease unnecessary arrests and reduce racial disparities within the criminal justice system.

It is important to note that decriminalization in Denver only applies to psilocybin mushrooms and does not include other psychedelics such as LSD or MDMA. Additionally, it only pertains to local law enforcement, as possession and use of psilocybin mushrooms are still illegal under state and federal laws.

While this move marks a significant step towards shifting perceptions of psychedelics and drug policy in the United States, it is still a small victory in the larger fight for decriminalization and policy reform. The impact of this decision will likely be closely monitored by other cities and states considering similar measures in the future.

Potential benefits and risks associated with using psychedelic mushrooms

Potential Benefits:

  1. Mental Health Treatment: Studies have shown that psychedelic mushrooms, also known as magic mushrooms or psilocybin, have the potential to treat various mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, and addiction. They work by altering the brain’s perception and thought processes, potentially providing a new perspective and aiding in overcoming these conditions.
  2. Improved Creativity: Many users of psychedelic mushrooms report experiencing increased creativity, heightened senses, and improved problem-solving abilities after using them. This can be beneficial for artists, writers, musicians, and anyone looking to tap into their creative side.
  3. Spiritual Connection: For centuries, psychedelic mushrooms have been used in spiritual practices and indigenous rituals to enhance spiritual experiences and cultivate personal growth. Some users report feeling a stronger connection with nature or a higher power after using these mushrooms.
  4. Mindfulness and Self-Discovery: The effects of psychedelic mushrooms on the brain can lead to an altered state of consciousness where individuals are more open to exploring their thoughts and emotions. This can help promote mindfulness and self-discovery, leading to personal growth and development.
  5. Enhanced Mood: Another potential benefit of using psychedelic mushrooms is an improvement in mood. Many users report feeling happier, more relaxed, and having a more positive outlook on life after consuming these mushrooms.


  1. Bad Trips: One of the main risks associated with using psychedelic mushrooms is having a “bad trip,” which is when an individual has negative psychological effects during the experience. This may include feelings of anxiety or paranoia that can be overwhelming for some people.
  2. Lack of Control: Due to the mind-altering effects of psychedelic mushrooms, users may feel like they have lost control over their thoughts or actions during the experience. This loss of control can be frightening for some individuals.
  3. Seizures/Medical Emergencies: In rare cases, consuming large doses of psychedelic mushrooms may lead to seizures or other medical emergencies, especially in individuals with pre-existing health conditions.
  4. Legal Consequences: Despite being decriminalized in Denver, the possession and use of psychedelic mushrooms are still illegal under federal and state laws. This means that there is a risk of facing legal consequences if caught with these mushrooms in Colorado or any other state where it is not decriminalized.
  5. Drug Interactions: As with any mind-altering substance, there is a potential risk for negative interactions with certain medications or other drugs. It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional before using psychedelic mushrooms.

While there are potential benefits associated with using psychedelic mushrooms, it is crucial to approach them with caution and knowledge of the potential risks involved. Always make sure to educate yourself and use them responsibly if they are legal in your area.

Insights from experts or individuals who have used magic mushrooms in Colorado

Insights from experts or individuals who have used magic mushrooms in Colorado reveal interesting perspectives and experiences surrounding the legalization of these psychedelics. Since the decriminalization of psilocybin mushrooms in Denver, many people have come forward to share their thoughts on the matter.

One such expert is Dr. Janis Phelps, a clinical psychologist and ketamine-assisted psychotherapist in Boulder, Colorado. She has worked with psilocybin for over 30 years and believes that this substance has immense medicinal potential when used properly. She explains that “psychedelic compounds like psilocybin can help individuals break free from negative thought patterns and gain a new perspective on their lives.”
Dr. Phelps also emphasizes the importance of proper education and set-and-setting when using magic mushrooms for therapeutic purposes.

Similarly, Bob Ottinger, a retired attorney based in Denver, shares his personal experience with psilocybin after being diagnosed with severe depression and anxiety. He describes how conventional treatment methods had failed him but after trying psylocybin therapy at a retreat center in Mexico, he saw significant improvements in his mental health. Ottinger now advocates for psychedelic-assisted therapy as an alternative form of treatment for mental health issues.

Furthermore, another individual who goes by the name “Ash” credits magic mushrooms for helping her overcome addiction to alcohol and nicotine. After multiple failed attempts at quitting through traditional methods, she decided to try microdosing psilocybin as part of her recovery process. Ash shares how her cravings reduced significantly after just one session and how it helped her address underlying emotional trauma related to her addiction.

However, not all insights are positive or supportive of the legalization of magic mushrooms in Colorado. Some experts express concerns over potential risks associated with unregulated use of psychedelics and believe more research is needed before widespread access is granted.
Dr. Nima Gabbay, a professor at University of Colorado Boulder, highlights the importance of strict regulations and safety protocols to avoid any potential adverse effects.

Insights from experts and individuals who have used magic mushrooms in Colorado showcase the potential benefits as well as the need for responsible use and further research. While some may still be wary about the legalization of psychedelics, many others believe that it is a positive step towards unlocking their therapeutic potential.

Alternative ways to consume mushrooms legally in Colorado, such as through microdosing

While recreational use of mushrooms is still illegal in Colorado, there are some alternative ways to consume mushrooms legally. This includes microdosing and mushroom-based therapies.

Microdosing involves taking a very small dose of mushrooms, typically around 1/10th of a typical recreational dose. The goal of microdosing is not to have a psychedelic experience but rather to experience subtle changes in perception, mood, and energy levels. Some people claim that microdosing can improve focus and creativity, reduce anxiety and depression symptoms, and enhance overall well-being.

One study conducted by the Beckley Foundation found that participants who microdosed on psilocybin (the main active ingredient in magic mushrooms) reported improvements in their mood, cognition, and emotional functioning. However, more research is needed to fully understand the effects of microdosing on mental health.

In Colorado, there are no laws prohibiting the possession or consumption of small amounts of naturally occurring psilocybin-containing mushrooms. This means that as long as you are not consuming them for recreational purposes or selling them, microdosing with magic mushrooms remains legal.

Another way to consume mushrooms legally in Colorado is through mushroom-based therapies. These therapies involve using psilocybin under medical supervision for treating various mental health issues such as depression, anxiety disorders, and addiction.

Denver was the first city in the United States to decriminalize psilocybin for therapeutic purposes through a ballot initiative in 2019. Following Denver’s lead, Oakland and Santa Cruz also voted to decriminalize magic mushrooms for therapeutic use in 2020.

Psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy has shown promising results in early studies for treating treatment-resistant depression (TRD). In fact, Compass Pathways recently received FDA Breakthrough Therapy designation for their psilocybin therapy aimed at treating TRD. This designation recognizes the potential benefits of this therapy based on early clinical evidence.

Moreover, Colorado is home to the first legal psilocybin therapy clinic in the United States called Mydecine Innovations Group. The clinic offers treatment for conditions such as depression and anxiety using a combination of psychotherapy and psilocybin-assisted sessions.

While recreational use of mushrooms is still illegal in Colorado, there are alternative ways to consume them legally. Through microdosing or mushroom-based therapies, individuals can potentially experience some of the benefits that magic mushrooms have to offer without breaking any laws. However, it is essential to approach these methods with caution and only under medical supervision.

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